Classical music forms, such as Pakistani classical music, are an important part of the cultural wealth of the Punjab. The Umayyad empire conquered Punjab in the 8th century CE. Other important cities include Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Multan, Sialkot, Bahawalpur, Gujrat, Sheikhupura, Jhelum and Sahiwal. He had his capital at Sagala in the Punjab (present-day Sialkot). The census was conducted by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics for the first time in 21st century, after 19 years. The Indo-Scythian king Maues invaded Indo-Greek territories in Punjab and established an Indo-Scythian empire. All Secretaries report to the Chief Secretary of Punjab, who is usually a BPS-22 Civil Servant. Hot weather (April to June) when temperature rises as high as 110 °F (43 °C). Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. Punjab is also a mineral-rich province with extensive mineral deposits of coal, iron, gas, petrol, rock salt (with the second largest salt mine in the world), dolomite, gypsum, and silica-sand. Punjab has a population of 80 million people and an area of 79,284 mi² or (205,344 km²) in terms of area the province of Punjab is greater in area than Kyrgyzstan but smaller than Belarus Between 1998 and 2017, Pakistan’s average population growth rate was 2.40%. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other parts of Asia. Between 711 and 713 CE, 18-year-old Arab Sultan Muhammad bin Qasim came to the region to defeat Raja Dahir, conquering the Sindh and Punjab areas and bringing Islam to the region for the first time. With its contribution ranging from 52.1% to 64.5% in the Service Sector and 56.1% to 61.5% in the agriculture sector. Oxfam, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire, resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of cities in Punjab, Pakistan by population, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Government College University, Faisalabad, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Engineering & Technology, Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology, "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", "The pulse of Pakistan's growing fashion industry", ''Ancient Indian Education: Brahmanical and Buddhist, "PUNJAB GROWTH STRATEGY 2018 Accelerating Economic Growth and Improving Social Outcomes", "Northern Punjab, urban Sindh people more prosperous than rest of country: report", "Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (Pakistan)", Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture: Sir WIlliam Meyers Lectures, 1938-39, "A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary with Transliteration, Accentuation, and Etymological Analysis Throughout", "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive", "Soan River – witness to rise and fall of many civilisations". In the mid-fifteenth century, the religion of Sikhism was born. Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. and continued to campaign down the course of the Indus River in modern-day Sindh and Baluchistan. Punjab has been the cradle of civilisation since time immemorial. There are a few famous hill stations, including Murree, Bhurban, Patriata and Fort Munro. One social/educational issue is the status of Punjabi language. Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. Several important Sikh shrines are in the province, including the birthplace of the first Guru, Guru Nanak. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. The Indo-Scythians ultimately established a kingdom in the northwest south Asia, based near Taxila, with two great Satraps, one in Mathura in the east, and one in Surastrene (Gujarat) in the southwest. The foothills of the Himalayas are found in the extreme north as well, and feature a much cooler and wetter climate, with snowfall common at higher altitudes. The Sikh World: An Encyclopedia Survey of Sikh Religion and Culture: Ramesh Chander Dogra and Urmila Dogra; Khawar Mumtaz, Yameema Mitha, Bilquis Tahira (2003) Pakistan: Tradition and Change. He is widely considered to be one of the earliest proponents of Punjabi as the language of poetry. The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. In Pakistan, Punjab includes the Punjab province and parts of Azad Kashmir and the Islamabad Capital Territory. Today, most Punjab is made up of Dalits, Arains, Ahirs, Gujjars, Jatts, Khatris, Rajputs and Maliks. The landscape is amongst the most heavily irrigated on earth and canals can be found throughout the province. Sparse deserts can be found in southern Punjab near the border with Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range. Dube, I. In 1823 Azim Khan took control of Peshawar and with support from Pashtun tribesmen faced off against the encroaching Khalsa army in the Battle of Nowshera. Alam Lohar has made significant contributions to folklore and Punjabi literature, by being a very influential Punjabi folk singer from 1930 until 1979. Cooler/ Foggy / mild weather (October to March). The inscriptions on bricks and tiles of the mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (1320 AD) at Multan are outstanding specimens of architectural calligraphy. Lahore is the biggest district of Pakistan by Population and Harnai is the smallest district of Pakistan by Population. Punjab has been inhabited since ancient times. District at a glance Vehari. Punjab also contains part of the Thal and Cholistan deserts. Punjab has also more than 68 thousand industrial units. Study Package for CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) & LL.B. [18] Punjab is also one of South Asia's most urbanised regions with approximately 40% of people living in urban areas. Processing and dissemination of data in the form of Census Reports. [52], Maharaja Ranjit Singh's death in the summer of 1839 brought political chaos and the subsequent battles of succession and the bloody infighting between the factions at court weakened the state. In Indian Punjab, Hindus and Sikhs are the majority. According to census 2017 total population of Punjab is 110012442. In addition to these departments, there are several Autonomous Bodies and Attached Departments that report directly to either the Secretaries or the Chief Secretary. Azim Khan was the governor of Kashmir from 1812 until 1819 when Ranjit Singh captured it for himself. This is a chart of the education market of Punjab estimated by the government in 1998. James Abbott, British officer and deputy commissioner at Hazara in 1851, described Mir Painda Khan as "a chief renowned on the border, a wild and energetic man who was never subjugated by the Sikhs". Punjab borders Jammu and Kashmir in the north, and the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east. The Indus Valley Civilization, dating to 2600 BCE, was first discovered at Harappa. Heat records were broken in Multan in June 1993, when the mercury was reported to have risen to 54 °C. Population of Districts of Pakistan. Dedicated to Shiva, the temple has, according to Hindu legend, existed since the days of Mahābhārata and the Pandava brothers spent a substantial part of their exile at the site and later Krishna himself laid the foundation of this temple. The Battle of the Hydaspes was fought astride the Jhelum River in western Punjab against the regional chieftain Porus, and the Siege of the Malli Tribe which occurred at the confluence of the Indus and Hydaspes Rivers near modern Multan (during which Alexander suffered a near-fatal arrow wound). According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 293,366. They also include Baits, Dohas, Lohris, Sehra, and Jugni.[100]. The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. 6. The Muslim musicians have contributed a large number of ragas to the repository of classical music. Luddi, Bhangra and Sammi depict the joy of living. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. The current Chief Minister is Sardar Usman Buzdar He got elected as a result of 25 July 2018 elections. Livestock and poultry production are also important. It was merged into a single province West Pakistan. [51] Only Mir Painda Khan was able to maintain his independence at Tanawal in Hazara from the Sikh Empire. In 1998, Punjab’s share in the total population was 55.62%. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. The largest caste in Punjab were the Jats, who were found in all three religious communities of the Punjab, and accounted for 20% of the total population. Punjabi romantic dances include Dharees, Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. One of its instructors was the Mauryan statesman and philosopher Chanakya. The main functions of Population Census Wing are as under: 1. Read More. Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. The Mughals left an indelible mark on the landscape of Punjab from 1556 to 1739 by commissioning the construction of great gardens, forts, tombs, baths and mosques such as the Shalimar Gardens,[45] Lahore Fort, Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Nur Jahan, Shahi Hammam, Akbari Sarai, Wazir Khan Mosque, and the Badshahi Mosque, all situated in Lahore, as well as arsuch as Hiran Minar and others elsewhere in Punjab. The Punjab region rose to significance in the Mughal Empire when Lahore became the capital for the royal family in 1585,[44] the legacy of which is seen today in its rich display of Mughal architecture all over modern day Punjab, Pakistan. Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago.[32]. Punjab contributes about 76% to annual food grain production in the country. To address the situation, a new formula resulted in the abolition of the province status for Punjab in 1955. Islam gradually over the centuries was accepted by the main Punjabi tribes largely due to their close affiliations with Sufi saints and their dargahs which dot the landscape of Punjab. Trade unions and youth groups: Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union-Pakistan, Punjabi National Conference, National Youth Forum, Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union, Pakistan, and the Punjabi National Conference. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. The region was known to the ancient Greeks as Pentapotamia, meaning the "region of five rivers,"[27] while the Sanskrit name for the region, as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers. The 2017 Census of Pakistan was a detailed enumeration of the Pakistani population which began on 15 March 2017 and ended on 25 May 2017. [6] Punjab features heavily in the Hindu epic poem, the Mahabharata, and is home to Taxila, site of what is considered by many to be the oldest university in the world. 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