High heat, high humidity and high rainfall rule year round. Winter … Peru's Andean highlands encompass major attractions, such as Cusco, Arequipa and Lake Titicaca. The Andes Mountains, the cold Humboldt Current, and the 1,500-mile arid dessert coastline each do their part in creating the multifaceted weather that the country enjoys. [17][18], A general rule for mountainous areas is that temperature decreases by about 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for each 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) increase in elevation provided that the change in altitude takes place at the same latitude and other factors such as precipitation and cloud cover are similar. Monthly averages Peru Longitude: -73.55, Latitude: 44.58 Average weather Peru, NY - 12972. There are three main climatic regions: the Pacific Ocean coast is one of the driest deserts in the world but with some unique features; the high Andes mountains have a variety of microclimates depending on elevation and exposure and with temperatures and precipitation from temperate to polar and wet to dry; and the Amazon Basin has tropical climates, mostly with abundant precipitation, along with sub-tropical climates in elevations above 1,550 metres (5,090 ft). Climate - Cusco (Peru) Average weather, temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours. In a few favored locations, where mountains come close to the sea and the fog condenses on the mountain slopes, the garúa permits vegetation to thrive in "fog oases," called lomas in Peru. A - The Coast (La Costa) * General Coastal Peru Climate: Weather semiwarm and very dry or desert with very little rainfall, about 150 mm (5.9 inches) per year. In especially impactful years, as occurred in 1982-1983, 1997-1998, and 2015-2017,[28] El Nino causes heavy rainfall in coastal northern Peru in what is a desert that rarely receives any rain at all. Because Peru has such a diverse geography the climate can be varied per region. Station Data. The climate here is classified as Cfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. In Cusco, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is cool year round. This is true even for the driest month. Three names are sometimes applied to the desert in different parts of the coastline. The driest months are in the Austral winter of June through August. Extreme weather events, including drought and flood, are anticipated to become more frequent. In Summer there is very little mist and the temperature reaches 30 °C. Average temperature… Lomas range in size from very small to more than 40,000 hectares (99,000 acres) and their flora includes many endemic species.Scholars have described individual lomas as "an island of vegetation in a virtual ocean of desert. Lima, Peru - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. The lowest monthly average temperature in Peru for January is 26 degrees The most monthly precipitation in Peru occurs in August with 10.2 inches The air quality index in Peru is 26% better than the national average At Cuzco, in the sierra, the range is only from 12° C (54° F ) to 9° C (48° F ), while at Iquitos, in the Amazon region, the temperature averages about 32° C (90° F ) all year round. This involves the coast from sea level to 2,000 meters (6,600 feet) and is characteristically barren. In general the western slopes of the Andres, facing the Pacific Ocean, are drier than the eastern slopes. Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices. average temperature lima, peru & climate Lima, peru, has a rather peculiar climate. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Peru for next month - December. Thirty-seven mountain peaks in Peru rise to more than 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) in elevation. The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. In the Cordillera Blanca, for example, glacial melt provides 80 percent of water in the rivers during the dry season and 4-8 percent during the rainy season. Frigid climate: (tundra) Average temperature is 6ºC. While there are locations that fit into all three of the Köppen tropical types of climate, Af, Am, and Aw, the differences among the three climates in Peru are small. The true tropical rainforest (Af) climate requires at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in) precipitation in all months of the year. Usually the weather in Peru in the winter quite comfortable. From Tacna to Piura: warm temperate climate, moderate but with high humidity and thick mist in Winter. In Oxapampa, Cfb under the Köppen classication, temperatures rarely fall below 11 °C (52 °F) or rise above 26 °C (79 °F) and precipitation is abundant year-round. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover that characterizes the more southern parts of the coastal desert, but there is a uniformity in precipitation along the 1,000 mile coastline with less than 30 millimetres (1.2 in) annually. During the Austral winter, the trade winds blow thick stratus clouds inland over coastal areas up to an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the dense fog coalesces into drizzle and mist. Heavy rain between December and April, particularly on higher ground. It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the Andes mountain region. The Climate in the Peruvian Highlands. Although Peru's seaboard is situated well within the tropical zone, it does not display an equatorial climate; average temperatures range from 21° C (70° F ) in January to 10° C (50° F ) in June at Lima, on the coast. - 42.8ºF., with very cold and dry summers. 1855-2015 Data | 2019-2020 Forecast | Historical | Chart. The country has 28 of the world’s 32 climates. With barely 0.5in over 3 days, it rains very little during your stay. [31], The most immediately visible problem of climatic change in Peru is the melting of glaciers in the Andes. Download historical data for 20 million indicators using your browser. The average temperature is 20, 19 and 18 °C (68-64 °F) in June, July and September respectively. Temperatures become cooler with elevation and around 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) elevation the climate becomes sub-tropical rather than tropical, a climate often characterized as "eternal spring." If it's warm on the coast it can be very cold in the mountains and you can find completely different weather in the jungle. High Temp: 81 °F. Accelerated glacial melt and the eventual disappearance of glaciers will severely impact the quantity of water available in the coastal and mountain regions. A few locations at elevations similar to Oxapampa have a pronounced dry season and are classified as Cwb (sub-tropical with a dry winter), rather than Cfb.[26][4]. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). Peru, country in western South America. [4], The dividing line between the Amazon and Andean climates is uncertain, but depends mostly on elevation. Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 48 °F. In the austral summer from December to April, the weather is mostly sunny. But this is reasonably and it is only of temporary showers. The capital is Lima. The day of the year with the coolest water is September 21, with an average temperature of … On the coast winter lasts from June to September. Precipitation: 0.00". The warm phase, El Niño, occurs every two to seven years. Humidity: 82%. The city of Puno at that elevation has snow 14 days per year on average and it has snowed in every month of the year except November. The cold water, especially in the Austral winter from May to November, cause an inversion, the air near the ocean surface being cooler than the air above, contrary to most climatic situations. In the tropics the average annual temperature is usually at least 25 °C (77 °F) with little temperature variation among months. The climate is fairly cold in this city in january, but it is livable by dressing hot. [16] The mountain climates are cool, often cold, with varied precipitation depending upon exposure. The climate good in this city in this month. Lima average temperature. In january, the mean temperature in Arequipa is 61°F (maximum temperature is 65°F and minimum temperature is 58°F). Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. With a mixture of desert, high mountains, jungle, and everything in between, there will be a climate tailored especially for you. Three names are sometimes applied to the desert in different parts of the coastline. The steep slopes and the sharp changes in elevation result in a large number of microclimates in which a change of location of a few kilometres can result in major climatic changes. The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface (API) provides direct access to our data. February sees persistent precipitation in Machu Picchu, Peru, as 20 rainy days register 142.2mm (5.6") of rainfall.The atmosphere is humid, and the sunshine is intense whenever there is a break in the cloud cover. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover tha… The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). [19] The temperature decline with increasing elevation is less than the average on the Pacific coast side of the Andes because of the unusually low temperature of the fog-bound coast. Lima Weather by month // weather averages [25], The Amazon rainforest region comprises about 56 percent of the total area of Peru and is characterized, as is the coast, by its climatic uniformity: hot average temperatures with little variation among the seasons and abundant precipitation. Compensating for the lack of a freeze-free growing season at elevations above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), indigenous farmers up until the 21st century have sought out micro-climates and used techniques such as Andenes (terraces) and Waru Waru (raised beds) to capture and store heat and permit hardy crops such as potatoes to grow up to 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) in elevation. All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. El Niño brings warmer and sunnier weather to the coasts of Peru than normal. Low Temp: 59 °F. Peru is home to 71 percent of the world's tropical glaciers and since 1970 glacial volume has decreased by 40 percent. [29], Climatic statistics cited in this article are for the period 1982-2012 and may become inaccurate in the future because of climate change and global warming. [7], The moisturizing impact of the fog is increased by the high average humidity of the coastal deserts. Snowy climate: (gelid) Average temperature is 0ºC. With 4.4in over 16 days, you will experience some showers throughout your trip. Many areas of Peru depend upon glacial melt for water for consumption, irrigation, and industry. Lima, Peru: Annual Weather Averages February is the hottest month in Lima with an average temperature of 23.5°C (74°F) and the coldest is August at 17°C (63°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in April. Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of … Average Weather in Cusco Peru. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). The day of the year with the warmest water is February 22, with an average temperature of 71°F. Except for the Lake Titicaca basin in the southeast, its borders lie in sparsely populated zones. Ocean temperatures on the coast of Peru increase by as much as 3 °C (5 °F) during the Austral summer, beginning about Christmas, the name El Niño referring to the birth of Jesus. [8] As a result of the fog, Lima gets only 1230 hours of sunshine annually, and less that 50 hours each in the months of July, Aug, and Sept.[9] (By contrast, Seattle, Washington, not noted for its sunny weather, gets 2,170 hours of sunshine annually[10] and "foggy London town" gets 1,618 hours of sunshine annually. Mean Temp: 68 °F. [12], Apart from the irrigated agriculture in 57 river valleys coming down from the Andes and passing through the desert en route to the ocean,[13] the coastal desert is almost without vegetation. In Cusco (or Cuzco), the ancient capital of the Inca Empire, located at 3,300 meters (10,800 ft) above sea level in the Andes, the climate is temperate, spring-like during the day all year round, but with cold nights in winter, from May to August, when the minimum temperatures are near freezing (0 °C or 32 °F); on the contrary, in summer, … Despite being in the tropics, daytime temperatures may be as low as 18 °C in winter (June - September) on a chilly day and 29 °C at a hot day during the summer (January - April); in other words, never very cold nor very hot. The average temperature in Chachapoyas is 15.6 °C | 60.1 °F. Because of its varied geography and climate, Peru has a high biodiversity with 21,462 species of plants and animals reported as of 2003, 5,855 of them endemic, and is one of the megadiverse countries. Dew Point: 61 °F. The best month to swim in the sea is in February when the average sea temperature is 23°C (73°F). Peru has a great diversity of climates, ways of life, and economic activities. Climate in Peru in february Climate in Lima in february. From Piura to Tumbes: warm and very dry. Beginning at latitude 8.64° S and continuing southward are many snow-capped and glaciated peaks more that 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) in elevation. In summer there is an average temperature of 25 ° Celsius (77° Fahrenheit). The desert strip along the Pacific is narrow, at its widest about 120 km (75 mi) before the land climbs into the Andes and precipitation increases with elevation. Peruvian Instituto Geografico Militar 1:100, 000 map series published in Lima, various dates from 1950's to present, Sheets 18-h, 19-h, 19-i, 20-i, 21-j, 27-q, 28-t, 28-u, 30-y, 31-q, 32-q, 32-s and 33-s cover the 6000m peaks of Peru. By contrast most of the Peruvian coastal desert has average annual temperatures of less than 20 °C (68 °F) and with temperatures falling to or near 10 °C (50 °F) during the Austral winter. On the coast of Peru in June-August is pretty cool, there is no pronounced temperature fluctuations. In Summer there is very little mist and the temperature reaches 30 °C. From Tacna to Piura: warm temperate climate, moderate but with high humidity and thick mist in Winter. The average temperatures remain in the 12.8°C (55°F) to … Sea level is projected to rise by 50 centimetres (20 in) by 2100. Wind: 7 mph. For example, Lima has an average humidity of 84 percent, more than double the average humidity of most deserts. [1664123] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. Direct access to our calendar releases and historical data. Climate and Average Weather in Peru. During the month of April, May, June, October, November and December you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). [21] Puno experiences freezing temperatures an average of 226 days annually with freezes occurring in every month. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi). The Andes, with elevations almost entirely above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and mostly above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), rise above the desert to the west and the tropical rain forest to the east. While Quincemil has the highest precipitation of places in Peru with a weather station, climatologists say that the slopes of low mountains northwest of Quincemil in Manu National Park may receive more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in) of rain annually. Floods and landslides (huaycos) are the consequence; the warm water negatively impacts fishing; and the southern Andes of Peru suffer reduced precipitation. The climate in Chachapoyas is warm and temperate. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Peru, NE with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com The average high sits around 32°C, and the average low around 22°C, year round. From Piura to Tumbes: warm and very dry. The consequence of increased glacial melt is floods during the wet season and less water in rivers during the dry season. The eastern lowlands make up 60% of Peru. [30] Average annual temperatures rose by 1 °C (1.8 °F) from 1960 until 2016 and are predicted to increase by an additional 2 °C (3.6 °F) to 3 °C (5.4 °F) by 2065. Pucallpa (Am) has only one month that falls below that threshold; Puerto Esperanza (Aw) has three months below the Af threshold. Peru Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Peru - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. 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